Synthetic Parrafinic Kerosene has been used in the aviation industry since 1999 as blend stock for Jet Fuel, since SASOL (South Africa) produced the first semi-synthetic using its proprietary Fisher- Tropch (FT) process from coal, and later natural gas. It was the first process to be approved by ASTM as a manufacturing path for alternative fuels, opening the road to the SPKs from bio feedstock. In 2011 HEFA process was approved (SPK is derived from hydrogenation and de-oxygenation of fatty acid esters and free fatty acids, followed by other conventional refinery processes). Next in line for approval is ATJ-SPK (alcohol to Jet, which is the pathway where alcohols such as ethanol and butanol are de-oxygenated and processed into SPK). The venue for recognizing the different type of processes in SPK is ASTM D7566 “Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons”. ASTM International, the world’s standards body, announced in July 2011 it had approved airlines to fly passenger jets using derivatives of up to 50 percent biofuel:  Renewable Aviation Biofuels Were Cleared For Take-off.  This marked a turning point in the aviation industry, as aviation Biofuel is considered to be one of the primary means by which the industry can reduce its carbon footprint. Going forward Nobil Petroleum Testing is  organically expanding its expertise in the new field of biofuels for aviation, being strategically positioned at the “cutting edge” of the industry: In Dec 2011 Nobil Petroleum Testing, Inc. was awarded a grant, along with other major aviation industry companies, to develop a research R& D Study for “Advanced Jet Fuel Quality and Performance Control Research and Development (R&D Study)”, which is part of US DOT/ Volpe National Transportation System Center/ FAA project on introduction of Alternative Aviation Fuels. The research Publishing is part of the effort for Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to adopt new technologies and evaluate alternative fuels for use in the National Airspace System (NAS) in accordance with the NextGen Implementation Plan (NGIP). The research study covers supply chain for alternative fuels from the manufacturing point to the wing of the airplane. Our Company has actively participated (planning and fuel testing) throughout 2012 until present to the success if the “Green Lane Project “ at JF Kennedy Int’l Airport: first-ever series of biofuel-powered intercontinental flights, operating weekly by KLM Royal Dutch Airlines from New York to Schiphol Amsterdam Airport. Additionally we were actively called upon by members of the Airport Cooperative Research Program ACRP 02-036 “Assessing Opportunities for Alternative Fuel Distribution Programs” Nobil Petroleum Testing applied its knowledge and years of expertise in the following areas related to the success of these projects as follows: Planning for future quality testing and quality control practices along the supply chain-  Fuel Quality Control Management requirements throughout the supply chain, from the refinery to the wing of the airplane is complex and governed by many standards and organizations like ASTM International (American Society for Testing and Materials) , A4A (former ATA- Air Transport Association, since 2012: Airlines for America), FAA (Federal Aviation Administration), CAAFI (Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative),  OEM  (Organization of Engine Manufacturers), API/EI (American Petroleum Institute/Energy Institute),  IATA (International Air Transport Association), JIG (Joint Industry Guide), DEFSTAN (Defence Standard UK), ICAO ( International Civil Aviation Organization). Based on existing system for conventional aviation fuels and available Standards, and Guidelines, Nobil Petroleum Testing has the capability to make recommendations for quality testing and quality control practices throughout the supply chain in the light of introduction of Alternative Jet fuels. Testing for process control and final product quality control – processes control and strong Management of Change systems are crucial in manufacturing, as the industry still builds up experience and strives for improvement of existing processes. Nobil Petroleum Testing facilitates testing against ASTM D7566- Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons. Catalog and Reporting of fuel properties- Setup laboratory and inspection integrated data collection systems that allow easy data input, storage of data, traceability of samples, batches, flag when results out of designated specification, data reporting based on specification requirements or customers’ needs. Especially with the introduction of Alternative Aviation Fuels, the need for rigorous batch traceability increases because of the different types of feed stocks involved in manufacturing, also in light of ASTM 7566 Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthetized Hydrocarbons, the “batch origination” (the point in the supply chain where the blend alternative fuel/conventional fuel” generates a new batch number for the blend. Traceability is also important here because the blend, once certified as per D7566 Table 1, Part 1 and 2, it is re-designated as ASTM D1655 jet fuel and treated as such throughout the supply chain. Data collection, as detailed as possible and traceability are vital as the industry is building experience and confidence in the new products. Alternative Aviation Fuel